RAUBSVILLE

  Is a hamlet of about fifteen houses, situated in the eastern part of the 
township, on the Delaware River and canal. It was named for the family of 
Raubs, who were the first settler, in that vicinity. The first tavern was 
built there in 1805, by one of that family; and, on the establishment of 
the Raubsville Post Office, George Raub was appointed first postmaster. 
Stouts Post Office is in the southwestern part of the township.


                                MINING

  Along the foot of the mountain, on the north side, and Dear the Hellertown 
road, leading from the Delaware to the Saucon line, is a rich deposit of 
hematite iron-ore, stretching the full length of the township.

 These ore-beds have been worked for years and yield a very good quality, 
and thousands of tons have been mined annually, of which the greater part 
has been manufactured into iron at the Glendon, Keystone, and Redington 
furnaces.

  The location of the first mines, or the time of their opening, is not 
known, but that iron was discovered, and mining commenced, in the early 
history of the county, is shown by deeds in possession of Major John Best, 
showing the transfer of a tract of land, in the locality of the Keystone 
Iron Works, from Thomas and Richard Penn, to Philip Bossart, between the 
years 1742 and 17-53, wherein provisions are made in regard to mines, 
minerals, quarries, etc.

  Among the oldest hematite mines, now worked, are those on property of 
Adam Horn, and on John Brotzman's property, now worked by the Glendon Iron 
Company. The ore is found from a depth of sixty to two hundred feet, and as 
no pumping is necessary, they have been principally worked by horse-power, 
although three of the mines are worked by the use of engines-to by the 
Glendon Company, and the other by Thomas Richard & Sons. Shaft. have been 
sunk and ore mined the whole distance from the Delaware to the township 
line, and are being worked extensively, at present, by the Glendon Company, 
Henry Fulmer & Hager, Adam Horn & Sons, Thomas Richard & Sons, and others.

   Bougher Hill Mines-Hematite ore is also found in the southeast portion 
of the township, on the north side of Bougher Hill, commencing at the 
Delaware River extending wen, and has been developed as far as property of 
B. Hoover.

  Ore, in this region, has been extensively mined on properties of Jacob 
Hartzell, formerly owned by F. Unangst, L. Lake, C. Rice, B. Hoover, and 
others.

   The ore from these mines is shipped principally to the Durham Iron 
Works, in Bucks county, about three miles distant, Major John Best was the 
first contractor who worked the Unangst mines extensively. He struck ore at 
the depth of forty-five feet, and shafted to the depth of one hundred and 
eighteen feet, which was the level of the Delaware River. He had a contract 
to furnish the Durham Iron Company 5,000 tons of ore in the year 18-58, and 
furnished them 5,600 tons in the time specified. No pumping was necessary 
in these mines, and the ore was raised by horsepower, which is true in 
regard to all mines in this locality, no engines being employed to the 
present time.

  Saylor Hill Mines-The mines on the north side of Saylors Mountain also of 
hematite ore-were opened upwards of twenty years since, by the Glendon Iron 
Company, and are now worked extensively by the Durham Iron Company.

  Magnetic Iron Ore-During the War of 1812, magnetic ore was extensively 
mined on the summit of the mountain, about three and one-half miles from 
Easton, along the Old Philadelphia road, on what is known as the "Kline 
property," now owned by the Glendon Iron Company. This ore was carted to 
the Delaware River aud shipped, by Durham boats, to Trenton or 
Philadelphia, That a number of these shafts were sunk, previous to 1 812, 
there seems to be no question, but at what time the first developments were 
made, cannot be ascertained. There have been other slight developments of 
magnetic ore in this township.



Ochre.-On property owned by J. Nolf Sr., situated along the hematite
iron-ore region, is a clay or ochre mine, which has been worked to some 
extent, being washed and prepared for market at the mines. It produces a
very good quality of clay, bringing from twelve to fifteen dollars per 
ton, during the war, for the manufacture of paint, paper, and soap, and 
will be worked, from time to time, as the demand warrants.


                           THE KEYSTONE FURNACE

  Was commenced June 5th, 1873. Now in possession of Henry Fulmer. The 
original cost of the works was about $240,000, and the additions, now in 
progress, will add about $18,000 more. Men employed at works and in me-, 
will average about sixty. The furnace production will be about 12,000 tons 
annually, There are also two other furnaces in this township.


                             LIMESTONE

    This township has an inexhaustible supply of limestone along the Delaware, 
and Lehigh rivers. William Best, in the borough of Glendon, has perhaps the 
most extensive quarry in that vicinity, and furnishes stone for the 
Keystone Iron Works.


                           UHLER'S LIME-KILNS

  Are situated on the Delaware Canal, where large quantities of lime are 
manufactured and shipped, by the canal, to the various markets. The kilns 
were established by Michael and John Uhler, in 1850 and 1855. The quarry is 
one of the best in the State.


                            WOODRING GRIST-MILL

  This mill is a stone structure, situated about one mile from the Lehigh 
River, and was built in the year 1810, by W. Woodring. The power is 
furnished by a stream of spring water, which takes its rise only about one 
mile above. 

  This property has never passed out of the Woodring name, being owned 
successively by William, Nicholas, Jacob, Enoch, and Amandus Woodring, the 
present owner.

  There are five other grist-mills in the township; two saw-mills, one 
distillery, and one brewery.


                                 SCHOOLS

  The first school taught in the township, of which we have any information 
was held in a log house owned by Peter Lattig, and Mr. Bittenberider 
Spangemberger was the teacher. There are now nine School houses in the town 
ship. The present school buildings are principally built of stone. The 
schools are kept open about six mouths in the year, and employ mate 
teachers during the winter session.


                             ANCIENT CHURCH

  In Williams township, a short distance from the Borough of South Easton, 
in a field, on the southeast corner of the junction of the old Philadelphia 
and Hellertown roads, stood a church, known as the Old Forks Lutheran 
Church.

  This was one of the first churches built in Northampton county. All traces 
of this building, except the foundation, had been gone before the 
remembrance of the oldest citizens reared in this vicinity.

  We are indebted to Mrs. William Miller, an elderly lady, in whose 
possession the site is located, for pointing out to us the exact spot where 
the building had stood, and for showing us what had once been its 
corner-stone, now forming a part of the rear wall of her residence. 

  She distinctly remembers her grandmothers, Mrs. Lattig and Mrs. Crutz-who 
were taken in church there-say that it was a rough, log building, and was 
suffered to go to ruin when they were still young; the logs being used for 
fuel by the inhabitants. There are no records from which we can ascertain 
when this church was built, but it must have been fully one hundred and 
forty years ago. Rev. Rudolph Schrenck, it member of the Muhleuberg 
Association, was preaching at this olden-time church, in 1752. Soon after, 
it was demolished.


                         OLD WILLIAMS TOWNSHIP CHURCH.

  The church known by this name is located near the Saucon township line, and 
took the place of a log church, in 1813. It has recently been remodeled, 
and present,, at present, a splendid appearance. It has always been used by 
both the Lutheran and Reformed congregations. Among the early pastors were 
the Revs.
William Yeager
William Kemmerer
- Pump the former being the first pastor.


                             ST. JOHNS CHURCH.

This is a stone structure, built by the Lutheran and Reformed 
congregations, A. D. 1844. There is a fine cemetery connected with it.


                       METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.

   This church is situated on the old Philadelphia road, and. was built in 
1872. It is a frame building, with stone basement, and is, all imposing 
edifice. The first church was erected on this site A. D. 1839, being also a 
frame building. There is a cemetery connected.


                          STOUT'S VALLEY CHURCH.

  This is a small, frame building, built by the Methodist denomination, 
located in Stouts valley. There are no regular services held at this place.


                  RAUBSVILLE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH

Is located at Raubsville, and was recently erected.
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